|General terms & conditions|
The following definitions apply to these General Terms and Conditions:
1.1 Client: the party commissioning the engagement.
1.2 Contractor: Voorbij & Partners.
1.3 Contract: the agreement under which the Contractor undertakes to carry out the work for the Client.
2.1 These General Terms and Conditions are applicable to any provision of services to the Client by the Contractor, except where provided otherwise in the Engagement Letter.
2.2 The Contractor explicitly rejects the applicability of the Client's General Terms and Conditions.
3 Conclusion of the contract
3.1 The Contract consists of these General Terms and Conditions and the Engagement Letter. The Engagement Letter is based on the information provided by the Client to the Contractor at the time the Engagement Letter was drafted. The Engagement Letter is deemed to be a correct and complete representation of the Contract.
3.2 If the engagement was commissioned orally or the Contractor has not yet received the signed Engagement Letter, the Contract is deemed to have been concluded under these General Terms and Conditions as soon as the Contractor has initiated the Contract at the Client’s request.
3.3 The Contract supersedes and replaces any previous proposals, correspondence, agreements or other communications, whether orally or in writing.
3.4 The Contract is concluded for an indefinite period unless its contents, nature or effect imply that it was concluded for a definite period.
4 Cooperation by the client
4.1 The Client undertakes to provide the Contractor with all information and documents which the latter believes to be required for the timely and proper execution of the Contract, and to do so on time and in the desired form and manner.
4.2 The Client undertakes to inform the Contractor without delay of any facts and circumstances that might be relevant to the proper execution of the Contract.
4.3 Unless the nature of the Contract dictates otherwise, the Client is responsible for the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information and documentation provided to the Contractor, even if they originate with or are acquired from third parties.
4.4 The Client undertakes to provide the Contractor with office space and any other facilities which the Contractor deems necessary or useful for the execution of the Contract. These facilities meet the relevant statutory requirements and include the use of computer, telephone and fax facilities. As far as computer facilities are concerned, the Client undertakes to ensure continuity by providing adequate back-up, security and virus-checking procedures, among other things. The Contractor will follow virus-checking procedures if it makes use of the facilities made available by the Client.
4.5 Unless the nature of the Contract dictates otherwise, the Client will deploy the staff deemed required by the Contractor or have this staff deployed in order to allow the Contractor to carry out the engagement. If specific staff are required, this will be agreed upon and laid down in the Engagement Letter. The Client undertakes to ensure that its staff is sufficiently skilled and experienced at the work to be carried out under the engagement.
4.6 Any additional costs and extra fees due to a delay in the execution of the Contract resulting from failure to make the requested information, documents, facilities and/or staff available, or to do so on time or in the proper fashion are for the Client’s account.
5 Execution of the engagement
5.1 The Contractor will carry out all activities to the best of its knowledge and ability and in accordance with professional standards.
5.2 The Contractor determines the manner in which the Contract will be executed and by whom, with due observance of the wishes expressed by the Client. Where possible the name or names of a staff member or staff members are explicitly mentioned in the Engagement Letter. The Contractor will make an effort to ensure that the staff member or staff members in question is/are available for carrying out the work for the duration of the Contract. Despite this fact, the Contractor has the right to replace this staff member or these staff members in consultation with the Client.
5.3 The Contractor cannot carry out any activities in addition to those commissioned and bill these to the Client until the Client has given its prior consent. However, if the Contractor is required to perform such additional activities by virtue of its statutory obligation to provide reliable services, it is entitled to bill these to the Client, even if the Client did not explicitly give its prior consent to the performance of additional activities.
5.4 The Client cannot involve third parties in the execution of the Contract unless it has reached agreement with the Contractor about such involvement. This provision applies as outside involvement in a Contract, whether directly or indirectly, may significantly affect the Contractor's opportunities for the proper execution of the Contract. The provisions of the preceding sentence apply to the Contractor mutatis mutandis.
5.5 The Contractor keeps working papers in relation to the Contract. This file, which contains copies of relevant documents, is the property of the Contractor.
6.1 Except where a statutory provision, regulation or other professional obligation to disclose information is in effect, the Contractor and its staff undertake to maintain confidentiality vis-à-vis third parties in respect of confidential information acquired from the Client. The Client may discharge the Contractor and its staff from this obligation.
6.2 The Contractor cannot use the information provided by the Client for any purpose other than for which its was obtained without the Client's written consent. By way of exception, this provision does not apply if the Contractor represents itself in disciplinary, civil or criminal proceedings in which this information may be relevant.
6.3 Except where a statutory provision, regulation, or other professional obligation to disclose information is in effect or the Contractor has given its prior written consent to do so, the Client will not disclose to third parties the contents of reports, opinions or any other written or oral statements issued by the Contractor.
6.4 The Contractor and the Client will impose their obligations under this Article on any of its outside contractors.
6.5 The Contractor has the right to refer its clients and potential clients in general terms to the activities performed, provided that this only serves as a description of the Contractor's experience. This is not deemed contrary to the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 above.
7 Intellectual property
7.1 The Contractor reserves all intellectual property rights in relation to products of the intellect it uses or has used and/or develops or has developed within the framework of the execution of the engagement the copyrights or other intellectual property rights to which it holds or can exercise.
7.2 The Client is explicitly prohibited from reproducing, publishing or using for commercial purposes, whether alone or involving third parties, those products, including computer programs, systems designs, working methods, opinions, contracts and model contracts and other products of the intellect, all in the broadest sense of the word. These products cannot be reproduced and/or published and/or used for commercial purposes unless the Contractor has given its written consent. The Client has the right to reproduce the written documents for use within its own organisation where this is in line with the purpose of the engagement.
8.1 If pricing factors, such as salaries and/or rates are subject to change between the conclusion date of the Contract and the completion date of the Contract the Contractor has the right to adjust the agreed fee accordingly.
8.2 The fee charged by the Contractor is exclusive of out-of-pocket expenses and expense claims filed by third parties commissioned by the Contractor.
8.3 All fees are exclusive of value added tax and other governmental levies, if any.
9.1 The Client is required to pay the fee charged without any deduction, discount or debt settlement no later than 14 days after the invoice date. Payments, which must be denominated in the currency indicated in the invoice, must be made by means of money transfer to a bank account designated by the Contractor. Objections to the amounts charged do not exempt the Client from its obligation to pay.
9.2 If the Client fails to pay within the period referred to in 9.1 above, it is in default by operation of law after having been reminded by the Contractor at least once that payment is due within a reasonable period. In that case, the Client is liable to pay statutory interest on the credit balance with effect from the date on which the payment became due until the date of payment. In addition, all collection costs incurred after the Client's default both judicial and extra judicial, are for the Client's account. The extra judicial costs are set at at least 15% of the principal plus interest without prejudice to the Contractors right to collect the actual extra judicial costs in excess of this amount. The judicial costs comprise all costs incurred by the Contractor, even if they exceed the statutory rate.
9.3 If the Contractor believes that the Client's financial position and/or payment performance justifies such action, the Contractor has the right to demand that the Client immediately furnish security or additional security in a form to be determined by the Contractor and/or make an advance payment. If the Client fails to furnish the desired security, the Contractor has the right without prejudice to its other rights, to immediately suspend the further execution of the Contract, and that which the Client owes to the Contractor for whatever reason will become immediately due and payable.
9.4 In the event of a jointly commissioned engagement the Clients have assumed joint and several liability for payment of the full invoice amount where the activities were performed for the Clients jointly.
10.1 The Contractor must be notified in writing of complaints relating to the work carried out and/or the invoiced amount within 14 days of the date of dispatch of the documents or information in respect of which the Client is filing a complaint or within 14 days of the discovery of the shortcoming, if the Client proves that the shortcoming could not have reasonably been discovered previously.
10.2 Complaints as referred to in the first paragraph do not exempt the Client from its obligation to pay.
10.3 If the Client filed a legitimate complaint, it has the option of adjusting the fee charged, having the rejected work rectified or repeated free of charge or terminating the Contract (or remaining work) in exchange for a refund proportionate to the fee already raid by the Client.
11 Delivery period
11.1 If the Client is required to make an advance payment or to make information and/or materials available for the purposes of executing the Contract, then the term taken for completion of the work will not take effect until the Contractor receives the payment in full or until all information and/or materials have been made available to the Contractor respectively.
11.2 As the duration of the contract is subject to many factors, such as the quality of the information provided by the Client and the cooperation extended, the due dates for completion of the work should be regarded as deadlines only where this has been agreed in writing.
11.3 Unless execution of the Contract proves to be permanently impossible, the Client cannot terminate the Contract on account of overdue performance, unless the Contractor does not perform the Contract, either partially or in full, within a reasonable period of which it was notified in writing after expiry of the agreed delivery period.
12.1 Unless the requirements of reasonableness and fairness dictate otherwise, the Client and the Contractor have the right to terminate the Contract, whether prematurely or not, in writing at any time with due observance of a reasonable notice period.
12.2 Either party may terminate the Contract, whether prematurely or not, in writing without due observance of a notice period if the opposite party fails to pay its debts or if a bankruptcy, trustee, administrator or liquidator has been appointed, the opposite party is subject to debt rescheduling, or ceases its operations for any other reason or if the opposite party considers it to be likely, within reason, that one of the above circumstances will apply to the opposite party or if a situation has arisen that justifies immediate termination in the interest of the party terminating the Contract.
12.3 If the Client decides to terminate the Contract. whether prematurely or not, the Contractor is entitled to compensation for its resulting under utilisation for which there is prima facie evidence, as well as for additional costs that must reasonably be incurred as a result of the premature termination of the Contract, e.g. costs in relation to subcontracting, unless the termination was motivated by facts and circumstances that can be attributed to the Contractor. If the Contractor terminates the Contract, whether prematurely or not, the Client is entitled to assistance from the Contractor in transferring the work to third parties, unless the termination was motivated by facts and circumstances that can be attributed to the Client or which are in conflict with this right. In all cases of termination, whether premature or not, the Contractor retains the right to payment of the expense claims for the work carried out up to then, in which process the preliminary results of the work carried out up to then will be made available to the Client under the usual reserves. Any additional costs relating to the transfer of the work will be charged to the Client.
12.4 If the Contract is terminated, both parties will immediately make available to the opposite party all goods, objects and documents belonging to the opposite party that it has in its possession.
13.1 The Contractor will carry out its work to the best of its ability, while exercising the due care that may be expected of a Contractor. If an error is made as a result of the Client providing incorrect or incomplete information, the Contractor is not liable for any resulting loss. If the Client proves that it has suffered a loss due to an error by the Contractor that could have been prevented if proper care had been taken, the Contractor is liable for that loss up to an amount as provided in subparagraphs a, b and c below, unless the Contractor can be held liable for an intentional act or omission, or intentional recklessness.
a. If the Contractor carries out a Contract for legal consulting work or trust- and fiduciary services, its liability is limited to the fee received within the scope of the Contract. If the Contractor carries out a consulting Contract which runs for more than six months, its liability is limited to the fee received within the scope of the Contract for the last six months.
b. If the Contractor carries out a Contract for tax consulting work, its liability is limited to a maximum of three times the fee received within the scope of the Contract.
c. If the Contractor carries out a Contract for recruitment and selection, administrative secondment, outsourcing or compliance procedures, its liability is limited to the fee received within the scope of the Contract. If the Contractor carries out a Contract which runs for more than six months, its liability is limited to the fee received within the scope of the Contract for the last six months.
13.2 The Client indemnifies the Contractor against third-party claims for losses incurred as a result of the Client supplying incorrect or incomplete information to the Contractor, unless the Client proves that the loss does not relate to imputable faults or negligence on its part or was caused by an intentional act or omission, or similar intentional recklessness on the part of the Contractor.
13.3 The limitation of liability laid down in paragraph 1, subparagraphs a, b and c above also applies to third parties, including other Voorbij & Partners firms, commissioned by that Contractor to execute the Contract.
14.1 Unless the Contractor has given its express consent, the Client is not permitted to assign any obligation laid down in this Contract to third parties. The Contractor is entitled to attach conditions to its consent. The Client undertakes in any case to impose all relevant payment obligations laid down in the Contract on the third party. Unless Client and Contractor explicitly agree otherwise, the Client, in addition to the third party, will continue to be liable for the obligations laid down in the Contract and the General Terms and Conditions.
14.2 The Client indemnifies the Contractor against all third-party claims arising from the Client's non-performance or incorrect performance of any obligation laid down in the Contract and/or these General Terms and Conditions.
14.3 The Client is not to disclose or otherwise make available, and guarantee that its (managing) directors or staff and/or any advisors appointed as contact person shall not disclose or otherwise make available any information, advice documents or material of whatever nature provided or made available by the Contractor to Client, without prior written consent of the Contractor. The Client agrees to hold the Contractor harmless and indemnify the Contractor against any loss, damage or claim resulting from a breach of this clause.
The Contractor undertakes to comply with the relevant independence guidelines dictated by national and international regulators at all times in order to allow the Contractor to comply with the relevant independence guidelines, the Client undertakes to inform the Contractor timely, correctly and completely of the legal and control structure of the Client's business or the group to which the Client belongs, all its financial and other interests and participations, as well as all its other alliances, financial or otherwise, in the broadest sense of the word.
16 Use of the internet
During the execution of the Contract, the Client and the Contractor will be able to communicate via electronic mail at either party's request. Both the Client and the Contractor recognise the risks associated with electronic mail, including, but not limited to, distortion, delays and viruses. The Client and the Contractor hereby declare that they will not hold each other liable for any losses incurred by either of them as a result of the use of electronic mail. Both the Client and the Contractor will do or not do all that can reasonably be expected from them to avoid such risks. If the Client or Contractor is in doubt as to the correctness of a mail message they have received, then the contents of the message originating with the sender is decisive.
17 Term of forfeiture
Except where otherwise provided in the Contract, rights of action and other powers enjoyed by the Client for whatever reason vis-à-vis the Contractor will lapse in any event one year after an occurrence leading to the Client’s entitlement to invoke these rights vis-à-vis the Contractor.
18 Renunciation of rights
The rights or powers enjoyed by the Contractor under this Contract will not be affected or limited by the Contractor's failure to directly enforce any rights or powers. Any right or authority laid down in or ensuing from any provision or condition of this Contract can only be renounced in writing.
If and to the extent that, in all reasonableness and fairness or by virtue of its unreasonably onerous nature, any of the provisions of the Contract cannot be invoked, the provision in question will in any event be accorded a meaning corresponding as closely as possible to the original contents and tenor so that this provision can nevertheless be invoked.
20 Subsequent effect
The provisions of this Contract, which are intended, either expressly or tacitly, to remain in effect even after termination of this Contract, will remain in effect after the Contract has been terminated and continue to bind both parties.
21 Contradictory clauses
If these General Terms and Conditions and the Engagement Letter contain conflicting conditions, the conditions contained in the Engagement Letter will prevail.
Neither party will, during the execution of the Contract and within one year of termination of the Contract, employ persons who are or were involved in the execution of the Contract on behalf of the opposite party or conduct negotiations with these persons about employment, other than in consultation with the opposite party. The party that employs one or more persons who were involved in the execution of the Contract on behalf of the opposite party despite the restriction referred to above, undertakes to par to the opposite party at least the recruitment costs incurred by that party for the purposes of recruiting one or more replacements.
23 Applicable law and jurisdiction
23.1 All Contracts between the Client and the Contractor are governed by the laws of the Netherlands.
23.2 Unless the parties expressly agree otherwise in writing, all disputes between the Client and the Contractor relating to this Contract will be referred to the competent District Court of Rotterdam.